The Impact Wheel
You are a member of a planning team assigned the task of analyzing the
impacts of a proposed residential development in a large (200,000 people) Upper
Proposal: Xeron Development, Inc., has proposed that a currently
vacant 600 acre site in the southeast quadrant of the city be developed into
"Happy Acres," a new-town-in-town consisting of 6,000 units. The
breakdown for the units by housing type and number of occupants is:
The single-family units will be on small lots, sell for an average price of
$125,000 and have a total market value of $375 million.
The townhouses will sell for $80,000 each and have a total market value of
The apartments will rent for $450/month and have a total market value of
Attached you will find 3 maps to illustrate the nature of the development:
Facilities Map: identifies the location of the site near the central
usines district and adjacent to the river, a single family residential
neighborhood, a shopping center, railroad tracks, and a school. On the
site, you will notice a few sewer lines, a small park, a few roads, and a
sewage lagoon across the railroad tracks from the site.
Limitations Map: identifies environmental features of the site.
Development Plan: identifies the pattern of development on the site
with high (apts.) and medium (townhouse) development around the new lake
that will be built and single family housing on the eastern side of the
site. A new neighborhood center and commercial office park will also be
City Obligation: The city will be expected to provide financing for
new sanitary and storm sewers, to maintain the streets and parks, and operate
the neighborhood center.
- Identify the positive and negative
impacts that can be expected in each of the following areas:
Analyze each impact for
each of the areas:
- Physical environment
- Economic impacts on
the private economy
- Social impacts on
- Governmental impacts
- Rate each impact on
a scale from A (very positive) to E (very negative)
- Explain the reason
for each rating (refer to the physical characteristics of the site, the
number of people who will be living there, etc.).
- Does every problem
have a solution? If yes, how do you find it? If no, what do you do in
- What rules/criteria
did you find yourself using when you had to make hard choices?
List them. Then rank them in order, such that rule 1 must always be
followed; rule 2 must be followed unless it violates rule 1; rule 3 must
be followed unless it violates rule 1 or rule 2; etc.
- What happens when your
rules come in conflict with the rules held by others in your
group/class/community? How do you handle it?
Last Updated 1/10/04 by Tony